PRIVACY: A Fundamental Right
The Supreme Court (SC) on Thursday decided that security is a fundamental right since it is characteristic for the right to life.
“Right to Privacy is an integral part of Right to Life, and Personal Liberty guaranteed in Article 21 of the Constitution”, was the rule laid down by nine-judge bench of the Supreme Court.
This decision is an indication to Aadhaar, as the Center now needs to persuade SC that constraining residents to give a specimen of their fingerprints and their iris does not abuse privacy.
The Supreme Court justices will touch the lives of 134 crore Indians. It was not intended to decide Aadhaar destiny, just on whether the security of an individual was a piece of their rights. A five-judge team of the SC will test the legitimacy of Aadhaar by privacy as a fundamental right.
RIGHT TO PRIVACY:
It had contemplated that collecting and using individual information of nationals for Aadhaar — now a law under the Aadhaar Act of 2016 —improves the lives of a vast number of poor by providing them a straight access to clear advantages, subsidies, education, food, and shelter, among other fundamental rights. The legislature guaranteed Aadhaar was a panacea to end corruption in distribution, tax evasion, and terror.
These steps were carried due to the risk of access to personal data by unwanted cybercriminals and hackers. Both the administration and other private organizations gather individual information like cell phone numbers, bank details, date of birth, tax information, etc. without giving protections of third-party agencies.
National projects like Aadhaar, NATGRID, CCTNS, RSYB, DNA profiling, conceptive privileges of ladies, and mind mapping include accumulation of individual information, including fingerprints, iris, and their stockpiling in electronic form. The Law Commission has as of late sent a Bill on Human DNA profiling. This creates a danger for leakage of information.
The government ordered the authorities to distinguish “key information security issues” and propose a draft data protection Bill for the same.